Church BANU History

 

Church Banu  with the patron ” All Saints Sunday ” is recorded in historical monuments and architectural – in Iasi , 1991 edition 24th position – B – 260 .

Church BANU  is located in an area with many monuments , placed near Union Museum (24 – B – 250 ) , Casa Drosu Fund ( Plastic 24 – B – 249 ) , National High School (24 – B – 017 ) House Gabriel Muzicescu (24 – B -026 ) , XIX century houses located at Arcu House Halaceanu (24 – B – 251 ) , the telephone (24 – B – 252 ), House Craftsmen ( Polyclinic 24 – B – 231 ) Rapa yellow ( 24 – B – 339 ) Hotel Binder (currently housing 24 – B – 099 ) Hotel ” Trajan ” (24 – B – 412 ) , the Church ” Mitocul Sisters ” (24 – B – 410 ) , Casa Xenopol ( 24 – B – 095 ).

Wooden Church (1705 – 1800)

Located on the lower terrace of Bahluiului stretching up to the “big rapa ” in the outskirts of the city ( today ” Rapa yellow) at the beginning of the eighteenth – century, the first church made ​​of oak beams , having founded by ” Savin Zmucila vel Ban “on 1705 had a large enough plot to have and parish cemetery .

Church built by Savin Banu was consecrated on June 15, 1705 of Misail – Metropolitan Suceava and Moldova, having dedicated Uspesenia Precistii ( Assumption August 15th).

The wooden church was served from the beginning only in Romanian, to other churches or monasteries in Iasi ( Galata strength, Three Hierarchs Golia , Barnovschi , St. Sava , Hlincea , Dincu Beautiful – dedicated to the Holy Places where committed divine service in Slavonic and Greek) as a protest against liturghisirii in Romanian language on earth.

The church was endowed from the beginning with books and valuable items , some others ordered Moldova and abroad. They brought books from the seventeenth century Romanian Cazania – Iasi in 1643 ; Molitvelnic – Iasi in 1681 ; Missal – Iasi in 1683 ; Greek Gospel – Bucharest Romanian 1699. Following the development on the north- western city , the church becomes small.

Stone Church  (1802 – )

Around 1799 the old wooden church was overcrowded and deteriorated much. Bishop James Stamati decide to contribute a large amount to build the new church with the parish congregation.

To prepare plans and supervise the execution of the new church was used in the Transylvanian architect (probably) Herr Leopold. Linden wood carved iconostasis is the work of a craftsman Moldovan Altini Eustatie possible by architect Leopold. He also painted veil probably in 1802, the amount of “2,000 lei.”

From research conducted by priest dr. Paul Michael Eustatie Altini results that painted the church in early 1803 (possibly in February 1803). In his will left by Metropolitan Jacob Stamati mentions that the church will be dedicated to the Holy Places. The current edifice was built on the site of the wooden church, with actual porch place of the former church altar. New churches called Banu wall and changing patron in “All Saints Sunday” remains today.

After the death of Metropolitan Icob Stamos March 9, 1803 paintings supposedly were stopped, because the rest of the church was left unpainted. Documents proving the repairs to the church drawn in 1840 do not refer to interior painting. From June 1, 1821 to June 1, 1822 and the church was closed.

  • In 1828 – 1829 – shingles that covered the church is replaced;
  • In 1840, repairs were made to the church.

In the Official Gazette of Moldova no. 63 of 9 August 1853 the church was placed above the street called ” Banu Church Lane .” The documents studied indicate that after 1859 the church is covered with tin, information unrecorded in documents but is inferred from the fact that the restoration of from 1882 to 1883 is the repair of the roof covering in ” tin ” and the first strip mills occurred in Resita 1845 and Nadrag (Timis ) in 1859 – 1861. on January 27, 1881 trustee RUBERTI church architect Gruber asked to prepare an estimate for restoration of the church . On April 8, 1882 R. Gruber put together a dossier for additional work performed or in progress:

  • Lapusneanu destroying the wall in front of the street, along with the ancient wall of the cemetery;
  • execution of a grid with 13 nets and poles;
  • sidewalk “pavers” on the perimeter of the church;
  • Additional paint.

On April 24, 1882, all R. Gruber draws up an estimate 2 – extra. Conditions for Bidding entrepreneurship signed on 13 May 1882. On June 21, 1882 guiding architect FD Xenopol make an estimate of the works to suppress and additions that are made by changing windows, floor and 3 heightening me Banu church bell, which is in restoration.

The restoration of 1882 also included “porch restoration” church style “inscription at the entrance noting:” The restoration of the church with the ascension of the land and porch restoration was carried out in the year 1882 to 1883, in the days IPS Metropolitan Joseph Naniescu, income and capital gain from the house donated Costache Conachi deceased, the priest Nicholas Leahu trustees, Messrs Dimitrie Stefanescu Suya and Constantin “. In the minutes dated 13 November 1883 reception prepared by the Commission are registered architect N. Badarau opinion: “I think the 3 m high belfry on the narthex old foundation walls of the nave without buttresses jeopardized.”

In 1882, estimates are prepared for church repair and painting that encompassed an area of ​​2,400 m2 inside. Contractor I. Finkelstein called for execution of the works of painter Nicolae Roteanu. Contravention of certain technical rules paintings deteriorated after only two years. A commission formed to check the condition of the church interior Banu notes that on January 10, 1894 the painting was completely destroyed an area of ​​380 m2. Bishop Gherasim of Romania known in Iasi, built a tall canopy up near the altar semi-calotte executed on wooden poles, preventing later painting in the altar area of ​​the church in the years 1882-1883. For this reason the altar was never painted, except painting on the dome running before installing the canopy.

After a relatively short period of heightening 3 ma bell tower on 9 February 1891, the Court Iasi, section I instruct an expert panel comprised of: CD Stahi and I Paun research works at the church, which forms the subject of the complaint against I. Finkelstein Epotropiei Banu Church, being recorded the following: File fund 1887 10 “Crapatura you see today over the height Paret from the south, from his base and going up through the middle of the window in the vertical direction to Submarginal upper vault of the church center and even a portion of the vault …. Therefore, this crack as seen inside the church, so it can be seen outside, walking across the same place and in the same direction both height and thickness of the wall. ” This crack in the structure of the church is one of the great problems of the Church Banu Iasi repairs, consequence of raising the bell tower 3 m without providing additional structural measures.

The contract for the restoration of the church in the years 1882 – 1883 was provided mosaic flooring tiles placed in the narthex and nave. In 1904 they made repairs and repainted the church. Larger-scale works were urgently needed in the church tower roof, porch repair and painting, the great bell.

For lack of funds, the Parish Council meeting no. 87/13 August 1919 mentions that repairs can not be executed. By letter no. 59 of July 19, 1927 announces parish council taking “necessary measures to repair the exterior of the church Banu, who can no longer live Iike they are now.”

In 1937, the priest minister Ioan Andreescu dismantled canopy on the altar semi-calotte, forming a blackened painting. In 1942, the parish priest Th. Cojocaru is tencuieste outside the church. In 1948, restoration works are carried out under the supervision of architect Vasile Paraschiv. Historical Monuments Commission, the delegate painter Corneliu Baba, ordered scraping painting because it was blackened, peeling not present historical value of a medallion keeping the painting in the narthex the left under the window.

After the earthquake of 1940, existing cracks in the narthex on the south side vertical wall and vault has increased. Strengthening made in 1948 included a large brick weaving with existing cracks, underpinning Cafasse repair the tower stairs and the entire craftsmen from doors and windows. After 1948 there have been some current repairs to the roof and covered with galvanized sheet. When restoring this year was completely whitewashed shrine. The storm of August 4, 1950, the church had damage to the roof, windows and exterior doors. In 1958, he changed the roof of the bell and cross on the roof repaired. In 1966 to replace the entire electrical installation and clean veil.

In 1968 during repairs to the plaster wall of the shrine was discovered icon of the Virgin and Child, painted by Altini possible in 1803. In 1976 its underpinning repair porch, execute steps for access to the church. March 4, 1977 earthquake reopened crack on the south side of the narthex of the church, realizing then some consolidation, including underpinning porch and interior painting. After 1981, all attempts to strengthen the church, existing cracks on the south side has increased, and cracks appeared on the northern side in the bell tower. After the earthquakes in 1986 and 1990, these cracks widened, large cracks appeared and the porch church bell tower with settlement area approximately 17 cm (see the survey of execution – floor plan). In 1990 it began a consolidation by casting an exterior belt on the north side of the church was placed under the cornice and have openings in masonry for stalpisorilor piece with execution.

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